Keep your kidneys healthy

90% of the 1.7 million Australians who have indicators of chronic kidney disease are largely unaware they have a potentially life threatening disease. Chronic kidney disease can be detected early with a kidney function test and managed appropriately which means deterioration in kidney function can be reduced by as much as 50% and may even be reversible.

The kidneys play a vital role in the daily workings of your body. Your blood supply circulates through the kidneys about 12 times every hour, and the kidneys make urine from excess fluid and unwanted chemicals or waste in your blood.


The kidneys perform a number of key functions - when kidney function is impaired, this can be evident in the results of a kidney function test:

  • Cleaning blood – kidneys filter your blood to remove wastes and toxins.
  • Blood pressure control – kidneys keep your blood pressure regular.
  • Water balance – kidneys add excess water to other wastes, which makes your urine.
  • Vitamin D activation – kidneys manage your body’s production of this essential vitamin, which is vital for strong bones, muscles and overall health.

Bodybuilders and extreme athletes are more at risk of kidney failure due to high protein intake, excessive muscle breakdown from intense exercise, as well as anabolic steroid use.

What we test

Kidney Function

A blood test is used to find out the level of waste products in your blood and calculate what’s called your estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).

This kidney function test measures:

Sodium is important for maintaining fluid balance in the body and for proper nerve and muscle function.

Potassium is important for nerve and muscle function, including regulating heart rhythm, and is also involved in fluid balance.

Chloride is important for maintaining fluid balance and for the proper functioning of the digestive system.

Higher than normal levels suggests trouble maintaining pH balance either by failing to remove carbon dioxide or because of an electrolyte imbalance. Elevations may be seen with severe vomiting, chronic lung problems and some hormonal disorders. Low levels may be seen with chronic diarrhoea, diabetic ketoacidosis and kidney failure.

A high concentration of this waste product can indicate dehydration or that your kidneys aren’t working properly.

A waste molecule generated from muscle metabolism, and an accurate marker of kidney function.

If too much urate is produced or not enough is excreted, it can accumulate and lead to gout – an inflammation that occurs in joints.

The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) measures how well your kidneys filter the wastes from your blood and is the best overall measure of kidney function.

Urine Examination

A urine test is used to check for protein or blood in your urine, as well as to check for any signs of infection. Protein in your urine may mean that your kidneys are not filtering your blood well enough, and blood in the urine can be a sign of kidney disease.

This kidney function test measures:

Kidney stones tend to form in a highly acidic or alkaline environment, and cause pain as they prevent urine from passing. The urine pH level test can also be an indicator or urinary tract infection.

Albumin in the urine can be temporary and harmless caused by stresses such as fever or exercise, but it can also be a sign of early kidney disease.

A urine glucose test is often performed to check for diabetes. In some cases, a urine glucose test may also be done to check for kidney problems or a urinary tract infection.

This tests looks for the presence of microscopic blood in the urine. Heamaturia can be caused by vigorous exercise and sexual activity, but is also an indicator of kidney disease.

Leucocytes are a type of white blood cell. If present in the urine, this can be a sign of infection.

Red blood cells (erythrocytes) in the urine may be a sign of kidney disease, a blood disorder or another underlying medical condition, such as bladder cancer.

A few epithelial cells may be considered normal, as they can be shed during the natural process of cell turnover and sloughing off of the urinary tract lining. However, an excess or abnormal type of epithelial cells in the urine may indicate an underlying condition or issue.

A urine culture is a test that can detect bacteria in your urine. This test can find and identify the germs that cause a urinary tract infection (UTI).

Urine Protein

Protein in your urine may mean that your kidneys are not filtering your blood well enough, and blood in the urine can be a sign of kidney disease.

This urine test measures

Creatinine is a waste product that your body makes when you use your muscles or when your body digests meat. Healthy kidneys remove creatinine from your blood, and it leaves your body in your urine. This test can find out whether your kidneys are working normally or to see if treatment for kidney disease is working.

Albumin in the urine can be temporary and harmless caused by stresses such as fever or exercise, but it can also be a sign of early kidney disease.

Normal individuals usually excrete very small amounts of protein in the urine. Persistently increased protein excretion is usually a marker of kidney damage.

Test instructions

The collection centre will provide your with a specimen container. Ensure you are properly hydrated before your test. No fasting is required.

Download and print your pathology form from your i-screen dashboard.

Take your form to one of our affiliated collection centres to have your sample taken.

Ready. Set. Go!
Buy now for $69 AUD

You may also be interested in

Essential Fitness Check
20 tests included
$95 AUD
If you're embarking on a new fitness program, understanding key biomarkers in your blood with an Essential Fitness test can help make sure you're in good shape before you start.
Best seller
Lifestyle Check
16 tests included
$69 AUD
Get an insight into your risk of heart disease, liver function, kidney disease and type 2 diabetes. Take control and find out how you can prevent these becoming part of your future.
Best sellerTest kit
Adrenal Stress Check
5 tests included
$175 AUD
Adrenal fatigue may be one of the most under diagnosed condition in western society. This adrenocortex stress test assesses your response to stress and provides valuable insights to help you balance your hormones.