Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease that can affect both men and women. Many people who are infected with the Chlamydia bacteria do not have symptoms but can still transmit it. Chlamydia can affect the urethra (the urine passage), cervix (the neck of the womb), rectum, anus, throat, and eyes. Gonorrhea can cause infections in the genitals, rectum, and throat. It is a very common infection, especially among young people ages 15-24 years.
The test is looking for evidence of the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which causes the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhoea. Gonorrhoea is usually easily treated but can cause severe reproductive and health problems if left untreated.
The test is looking for evidence of infection by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection in Australia. Diagnosing and treating chlamydia is very important to prevent long-term complications and spread of the infection to others.
Syphilis is a bacterial infection usually spread by sexual contact. The disease starts as a painless sore — typically on your genitals, rectum or mouth. Syphilis spreads from person to person via skin or mucous membrane contact with these sores.
The test is looking for evidence of Treponema pallidum, the bacterium that causes syphilis. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease. It is easily treated but can cause severe health problems if left untreated.
Hepatitis may be caused by infection, viruses, chemicals, alcohol, drug use and other factors. Chronic hepatitis means ongoing inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the underlying cause. There are various forms of viral hepatitis which include:
Hepatitis A is a contagious liver infection characterised by inflammation and enlargement of the liver. Hepatitis A is spread through food or water contaminated with the virus or by coming in contact with an infected person. This test detects hepatitis A antibodies in the blood.
The presence of anti-HBc indicates previous or ongoing infection with hepatitis B virus in an undefined time frame.
A negative result indicates that a person has never been infected, or has recovered from acute hepatitis and has rid themselves of the virus. A positive (or reactive) result indicates an active infection but does not indicate how infectious an infected person is to others.
Hepatitis C is a virus that can infect and damage the liver. In most cases, it is contracted through exposure to blood (usually from sharing contaminated needles while injecting drugs or, before 1990, through a blood transfusion) and it can be passed from mother to baby.
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